Sequence analysis of HIV-1 isolates from Guinea-Bissau: selection of vaccine epitopes relevant in both West African and European countries.

Lasse Vinner, Birgitta G Holmgren, Kristoffer J Jensen, Joakim Esbjörnsson, Marie Borggren, Julie L Hentze, Ingrid Karlsson, Betina S Andresen, Gregers J Gram, Henrik Kloverpris, Peter Aaby, Zacarias Jose DA Silva, Eva Maria Fenyö, Anders Fomsgaard

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

Sammanfattning

For a CD8 epitope-based vaccine to match different geographic locations, the targeted epitopes for cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs) must be present in the local circulating HIV-1 strains. Secondly, the vaccine epitopes should match the host population HLA types. We characterized two new HIV-1 isolates from Guinea-Bissau. Also, we have identified 15 subdominant CD8 epitopes representing common HLA super-types theoretically covering most HLA alleles in any population. Herein we demonstrate that the selected vaccine epitopes are well conserved and simultaneously present in sequences from West Africa and Denmark. Use of the selected epitopes will likely ensure 10 immune targets in the majority of candidates for experimental therapeutic vaccination in both geographic regions. Our results warrant testing of the selected vaccine epitopes in both geographic locations.
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)487-497
TidskriftAPMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica
Volym119
Nummer8
DOI
StatusPublished - 2011

Bibliografisk information

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Molecular Virology (013212007), Division of Medical Microbiology (013250400)

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området
  • Farmakologi och toxikologi

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