Introduction: Unwanted glucose absorption during peritoneal dialysis (PD) remains a clinical challenge, especially in diabetic patients. Recent experimental data indicated that inhibitors of the sodium and glucose co-transporter (SGLT)-2 could act to reduce glucose uptake during PD, which raises the question of whether glucose absorption may also occur via intracellular or trans-cellular pathways. Methods: We performed PD in anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats using a fill volume of 20 mL with either 1.5% glucose fluid or 4.25% glucose fluid for 120 min dwell time to evaluate the effects of SGLT2 inhibition by empagliflozin on peritoneal water and solute transport. To assess the diffusion capacity of glucose, we developed a modified equation to measure small solute diffusion capacity, taking convective- and free water transport into account. Results: SGLT2 inhibition markedly increased the urinary excretion of glucose and lowered plasma glucose after PD compared to sham groups. Glucose absorption for 1.5% glucose was 165 mg 95% CI (145–178) in sham animals and 157 mg 95% CI (137–172) for empagliflozin-treated animals. For 4.25% glucose, absorption of glucose was 474 mg 95% CI (425–494) and 472 mg 95% CI (420–506) for sham and empagliflozin groups, respectively. No significant changes in the transport of sodium or water across the peritoneal barrier could be detected. Conclusion: We could not confirm recent findings that SGLT2 inhibition reduced glucose absorption and increased osmotic water transport during experimental PD.
- Urologi och njurmedicin