Short- and long-term outcomes following bridge to surgery and emergency resection in acute malignant large bowel obstruction

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Aim: Bridge to surgery (BtS) aims to decrease perioperative morbidity and mortality in emergency resection (ER) of the colon. Previous results are inconsistent, and long-term comparisons are scarce. The aim of this study was to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of BtS and ER. Method: This retrospective study examined data from the Swedish Colorectal Cancer Registry for patients treated for acute malignant large bowel obstruction from 2007 to 2009. Patients were grouped by treatment strategy: BtS (using a self-expanding metallic stent or diverting stoma) or ER. Medical records were scrutinized for all patients in the BtS group. The primary endpoints were 5-year overall survival (OS) and 3-year recurrence-free survival (RFS). The secondary endpoints were postoperative mortality and morbidity rates and stoma permanence. Results: Overall, 143 patients were treated using BtS versus 1302 patients treated with ER. The 5-year OS was higher in the BtS group than in the ER group (53.8% vs. 37.4%; p < 0.05). No difference was noted in the 3-year RFS (75.7% vs. 75.0%; p = 0.38). The postoperative mortality rate was lower in the BtS group than in the ER group (0.7% vs. 7.3%; p < 0.05). Complications occurred in 46.9% of patients in the BtS group (both procedures) versus 35.9% of patients in the ER group (p < 0.05); the rate of severe complications was 23.1% and 16.9%, respectively (p = 0.07). Conclusion: This retrospective population-based registry study showed higher long-term survival and lower postoperative mortality rates among patients treated with BtS versus ER for acute malignant large bowel obstruction.

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)669-678
TidskriftColorectal Disease
Volym25
Nummer4
Tidigt onlinedatum2022
DOI
StatusPublished - 2023

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