Skeletal muscle regeneration is altered in the R6/2 mouse model of Huntington’s disease

Sanzana Hoque, Marie Sjögren, Valérie Allamand, Kinga Gawlik, Naomi Franke, Madeleine Durbeej, Maria Björkqvist, Rana Soylu Kucharz

Forskningsoutput: Working paper/PreprintPreprint (i preprint-arkiv)


Huntington’s disease (HD) is caused by CAG repeat expansion in the huntingtin (HTT) gene. Skeletal muscle wasting alongside central pathology is a well-recognized phenomenon seen in patients with HD and HD mouse models. HD muscle atrophy progresses with disease and affects prognosis and quality of life. Satellite cells, progenitors of mature skeletal muscle fibers, are essential for proliferation, differentiation, and repair of muscle tissue in response to muscle injury or exercise.

In this study, we aim to investigate the effect of mutant HTT on the differentiation and regeneration capacity of HD muscle by employing in vitro mononuclear skeletal muscle cell isolation and in vivo acute muscle damage model in R6/2 mice.

We found that, similar to R6/2 adult mice, neonatal R6/2 mice also exhibit a significant reduction in myofiber width and morphological changes in gastrocnemius and soleus muscles compared to WT mice. Cardiotoxin (CTX)-induced acute muscle damage in R6/2 and WT mice showed that the Pax7+ satellite cell pool was dampened in R6/2 mice at 4 weeks post-injection, and R6/2 mice exhibited an altered inflammatory profile in response to acute damage.

Our results suggest that, in addition to the mutant HTT degenerative effects in mature muscle fibers, expression of mutant HTT in satellite cells might alter developmental and regenerative processes to contribute to the progressive muscle mass loss in HD. Taken together, the results presented here encourage further studies evaluating the underlying mechanisms of satellite cell dysfunction in HD mouse models.
StatusPublished - 2022

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Neurovetenskaper


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