State Reforms in Early Modern Mining: Røros Copperworks and the Role of Workers, Managers, Investors and the State in Business Development

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Sammanfattning

State reforms adopted in the 1680s prevented the largest copperworks in the Oldenburg Monarchy, Røros, from shutdown. They appear to be a forerunner in Europe. The changes ensured supply deliveries and regular wage payments through spread of ownership, delegating more responsibilities to the Director and managers and introducing complex control mechanisms and state monitoring of the accounts and daily tasks. Why were the changes adopted, and why were the regulations formed this way? The answer partly lies in that miners, smelters and farmers organised themselves in an early form of work union and demanded regular wage payments and better work terms. The Crown established two Commissions consisting of state officials who meticulously went through systems and accounts and largely considered the employees’ demands. The increased state involvement was related to the Kings Frederick III and Christian V’s economic interests in Røros who were inspired by mercantilist thoughts of the time.
Originalspråkengelska
UtgivareDepartment of Economic History, Lund University
Antal sidor32
StatusPublished - 2020

Publikationsserier

NamnLund Papers in Economic History: General Issues
FörlagDepartment of Economic History, Lund University
Nr.214

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Ekonomisk historia

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