Stress and circulating cell-free mitochondrial DNA: A systematic review of human studies, physiological considerations, and technical recommendations

Caroline Trumpff, Jeremy Michelson, Claudia J. Lagranha, Veronica Taleon, Kalpita R. Karan, Gabriel Sturm, Daniel Lindqvist, Johan Fernström, Dirk Moser, Brett A. Kaufman, Martin Picard

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikelPeer review

2 !!Citations (SciVal)

Sammanfattning

Cell-free mitochondrial DNA (cf-mtDNA) is a marker of inflammatory disease and a predictor of mortality, but little is known about cf-mtDNA in relation to psychobiology. A systematic review of the literature reveals that blood cf-mtDNA varies in response to common real-world stressors including psychopathology, acute psychological stress, and exercise. Moreover, cf-mtDNA is inducible within minutes and exhibits high intra-individual day-to-day variation, highlighting the dynamic regulation of cf-mtDNA levels. We discuss current knowledge on the mechanisms of cf-mtDNA release, its forms of transport (“cell-free” does not mean “membrane-free”), potential physiological functions, putative cellular and neuroendocrine triggers, and factors that may contribute to cf-mtDNA removal from the circulation. A review of in vitro, pre-clinical, and clinical studies shows conflicting results around the dogma that physiological forms of cf-mtDNA are pro-inflammatory, opening the possibility of other physiological functions, including the cell-to-cell transfer of whole mitochondria. Finally, to enhance the reproducibility and biological interpretation of human cf-mtDNA research, we propose guidelines for blood collection, cf-mtDNA isolation, quantification, and reporting standards, which can promote concerted advances by the community. Defining the mechanistic basis for cf-mtDNA signaling is an opportunity to elucidate the role of mitochondria in brain-body interactions and psychopathology.

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)225-245
Antal sidor21
TidskriftMitochondrion
Volym59
DOI
StatusPublished - 2021

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Cell- och molekylärbiologi
  • Biokemi och molekylärbiologi

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