Structural requirements for Ca2+ binding to the gamma-carboxyglutamic acid and epidermal growth factor-like regions of factor IX. Studies using intact domains isolated from controlled proteolytic digests of bovine factor IX

Jan Astermark, Ingemar Bjork, Ann-Kristin Öhlin, Johan Stenflo

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

Sammanfattning

Blood coagulation factor IX is composed of discrete domains with an NH2-terminal vitamin K-dependent gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla)-containing region, followed by two domains that are homologous with the epidermal growth factor (EGF) precursor and a COOH-terminal serine protease part. Calcium ions bind to the Gla-containing region and to the NH2-terminal EGF-like domain. To be able to determine the structure and function of the Gla- and EGF-like domains, we have devised a method for cleaving factor IX under controlled conditions and isolating the intact domains in high yield, either separately or linked together. The Ca2+ and Mg2+ binding properties of these fragments were examined by monitoring the metal ion-induced changes in intrinsic protein fluorescence. A fragment, consisting of the Gla region linked to the two EGF-like domains, bound Ca2+ in a manner that was indistinguishable from that of the intact molecule, indicating a native conformation. The Ca2+ affinity of the isolated Gla region was lower, suggesting that the EGF-like domains function as a scaffold for the folding of the Gla region. The Gla-independent high affinity metal ion binding site in the NH2-terminal EGF-like domain was shown to bind Ca2+ but not Mg2+. A comparison with similar studies of factor X (Persson, E., Bjork, I., and Stenflo, J. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 2444-2452) suggests that the Ca2(+)-induced fluorescence quenching is due to an altered environment primarily around the tryptophan residue in position 42.
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)2430-2437
TidskriftJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volym266
Utgåva4
StatusPublished - 1991

Bibliografisk information

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Division of Clinical Chemistry and Pharmacology (013250300), Clinical Chemistry, Malmö (013016000), Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200)

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