Purpose: To examine [18F]RO948 retention in FTD, sampling the underlying protein pathology heterogeneity. Methods: A total of 61 individuals with FTD (n = 35), matched cases of AD (n = 13) and Aβ-negative cognitively unimpaired individuals (n = 13) underwent [18F]RO948PET and MRI. FTD included 21 behavioral variant FTD (bvFTD) cases, 11 symptomatic C9orf72 mutation carriers, one patient with non-genetic bvFTD-ALS, one individual with bvFTD due to a GRN mutation, and one due to a MAPT mutation (R406W). Tracer retention was examined using a region-of-interest and voxel-wise approaches. Two individuals (bvFTD due to C9orf72) underwent postmortem neuropathological examination. Tracer binding was additionally assessed in vitro using [3H]RO948 autoradiography in six separate cases. Results: [18F]RO948 retention across ROIs was clearly lower than in AD and comparable to that in Aβ-negative cognitively unimpaired individuals. Only minor loci of tracer retention were seen in bvFTD; these did not overlap with the observed cortical atrophy in the cases, the expected pattern of atrophy, nor the expected or verified protein pathology distribution. Autoradiography analyses showed no specific [3H]RO948 binding. The R406W MAPT mutation carriers were clear exceptions with AD-like retention levels and specific in-vitro binding. Conclusion: [18F]RO948 uptake is not significantly increased in the majority of FTD patients, with a clear exception being specific MAPT mutations.
|Tidskrift||European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging|
|Status||E-pub ahead of print - 2022|
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- Medicinsk genetik