Purpose of Review: This article reviews controversial questions within the field of lung transplantation, with a focus on data generated within the last 3 years. We aim to summarize differing opinions on a selection of topics, including bridge-to-transplantation, intraoperative machine circulatory support, bronchial anastomosis, size mismatch, delayed chest closure, and ex vivo lung perfusion.
Recent Findings: With the growing rate of lung transplantations worldwide and increasing numbers of patients placed on waiting lists, the importance of determining best practices has only increased in recent years. Factors which promote successful outcomes have been identified across all the topics, with certain approaches promoted, such as ambulation in bridge-to-transplant and widespread intraoperative ECMO as machine support.
Summary: While great strides have been made in the operative procedures involved in lung transplantation, there are still key questions to be answered. The consensus which can be reached will be instrumental in further improving outcomes in recipients.
Bibliografisk information© The Author(s) 2022.