Testosterone deficiency and metabolic disturbances in men who fathered a child by use of donated spermatozoa

Angel Elenkov, Peter Zarén, Bianca Sundell, Lovisa Lundin, Aleksander Giwercman

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


Dose-response association between level of impairment of semen quality and risk of morbidity or premature death has been reported. Therefore, it can be presumed that men utilizing donated spermatozoa, i.e. patients with non-obstructive azoospermia, are at highest risk for adverse health outcomes. To evaluate the risks of prescription of medications for common metabolic disturbances and testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) among men who father children with donated spermatozoa-who presumably do it due to severe impairment of fertility. We used Swedish nationwide register data on all fathers who had a live-born child between 2007 and 2014 in order to compare men who fathered children with donated spermatozoa to the ones who became fathers by using own gametes. Cox regression analysis was used in order to estimate the post-conception incidence of prescription of medicines for hypertension (HT), diabetes (type 1 and 2), dyslipidaemia (DLE) or TRT. Starting the follow up at time of conception, models were adjusted for age, educational level, and previous cancer treatment. In total 410,119 childbirths were included in the analysis. Among them, for 390 fathers donated spermatozoa were utilized. Fathers to children conceived with donated spermatozoa had higher risk for having TRT prescribed (HR: 18.14; 95%CI: 11.71-28.10; p ≪ 0.001). Same was true for DLE (HR: 2.08; 95%CI: 1.27-3.39; p = 0.003) but not diabetes. Fathers to children conceived by use of donated spermatozoa are at significantly increased risk for testosterone treatment and dyslipidaemia, necessitating stringent follow up and inclusion in prevention programs.

Sidor (från-till)1-6
TidskriftScientific Reports
StatusPublished - 2022

Bibliografisk information

© 2022. The Author(s).

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Allmän medicin
  • Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi


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