Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is chronic or persistent pain perceived in structures related to the pelvis of men and women. Patients with CPP may have pain refractory to conventional management strategies. Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) injection is a potential therapeutic option in patients with CPP. Beneficial effects of BTX-A on pain, quality of life, and functional symptoms were seen in patients with certain CPP subtypes, but the current evidence level is too weak to allow recommendations about the use of BTX-A for treating CPP. Therefore, larger-scale, multicentre, well-designed, and appropriately powered randomised controlled trials or prospective case-control studies with longer follow-up periods are needed.
- Urologi och njurmedicin