The cardiorenal syndrome: Structural and functional aspects including associations with the shrunken pore syndrome

Bidragets översatta titel : Det kardiorenala syndromet: strukturella och funktionella aspekter inklusive associationer med Krympt por-syndrom

Forskningsoutput: AvhandlingDoktorsavhandling (sammanläggning)

172 Nedladdningar (Pure)


Mild to moderate renal impairment affects 10% of the general population. Renal impairment is difficult to detect because of the lack of symptoms, but it can be estimated by calculating the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on the basis of plasma creatinine and/or cystatin C concentrations. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with an increased risk of development of cardiovascular disease and an increase in the mortality rate. As kidney function decreases, structural and functional changes in the heart increase. Cardiovascular disease also affects renal function, leading to CKD. This pathophysiological association between the two organs is referred to as cardiorenal syndrome (CRS). Mortality and morbidity rates are increased in patients with CRS, and early detection of this syndrome can lead to a reduction in the disease burden. To more accurately stage CKD and calculate the mortality risk, the eGFR based on creatinine (eGFRCR) and cystatin C (eGFRCYS) is recommended for use in clinical practice. The eGFRCYS and eGFRCR usually correspond well with each other. In some individuals, the eGFRCYS/eGFRCR ratio is < 0.7, and it is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. A selective decrease in renal filtration of cystatin C is thought to cause the difference between eGFRCYS and eGFRCR, and this condition is called shrunken pore syndrome (SPS). This thesis presents studies on the early detection of CRS and the association of SPS with mortality and morbidity in patients with heart failure (HF) and in individuals who were randomly chosen from a population-based cohort. In Paper I, data from 1504 individuals without HF from the Malmö Prevention Project, which is a population-based cohort, showed significant associations between mild to moderate impairment of renal function and echocardiographic markers of cardiac structure and diastolic function. These findings support the hypothesis that there is an interaction between the kidney and heart, even at eGFR 45–60 mL/min/1.73 m2. In Papers II and III, data from approximately 300 hospitalized patients with HF from the HeARt and brain failure inVESTigation trial showed an association between SPS and a doubled risk of all-cause mortality, higher risk of 30-day rehospitalization, and impaired quality of life. Proteomic analyses showed that in patients with HF, SPS was associated with proteins related to atherosclerosis and cell proliferation. These findings may help identify pathophysiological pathways involved in the known adverse effects of SPS. In Paper IV, data from 5061 individuals from the Malmö Diet and Cancer cardiovascular cohort, which is a population-based cohort, showed that SPS affected as much as 8% of the general middle-aged population, and that individuals with SPS had a 38% higher risk of all-cause mortality. In conclusion, structural changes in the heart can develop already at mild to moderate impairment of renal function. SPS is an important predictor of mortality in patients with HF and in individuals in the general population. Further studies are required to investigate the pathophysiology of SPS and the mechanism behind the association between SPS and mortality.
Bidragets översatta titel Det kardiorenala syndromet: strukturella och funktionella aspekter inklusive associationer med Krympt por-syndrom
Tilldelande institution
  • Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Malmö
  • Christensson, Anders, handledare
  • Leósdóttir, Margrét, Biträdande handledare
  • Magnusson, Martin, Biträdande handledare
  • Nilsson, Peter M, Biträdande handledare
Tilldelningsdatum2021 dec. 9
ISBN (tryckt)978-91-8021-142-0
StatusPublished - 2021

Bibliografisk information

Defence details
Date: 2021-12-09
Time: 13:00
Place: Wroblevskisalen, Ruth Lundskogsgatan 5, 5th floor, Skånes Universitetssjukhus i Malmö. Join by Zoom:
External reviewer(s)
Name: Stegmayr, Bernd
Title: Senior Professor
Affiliation: Umeå University

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Urologi och njurmedicin


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