The effect of postoperative anticoagulation on false lumen patency after surgery for acute type A aortic dissection

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Sammanfattning

Background: Patent false lumen has been shown to have a negative impact on prognosis after surgery for acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD). We aimed to assess the effect of postoperative anticoagulation on false lumen patency and clinical outcomes in relation to false lumen status. Methods: Postoperative computed tomographies of 156 patients undergoing ATAAD DeBakey type I surgery were retrospectively evaluated for false lumen patency. The patients were divided into groups determined by anticoagulation treatment at discharge. Uni- and multivariable logistic regression was used for analysing the effect of anticoagulation on the false lumen, and Kaplan–Meier estimates were used to assess the association of a patent false lumen with the incidence of reoperation and long-term survival. Results: A patent false lumen was present in 81% of the patients. Postoperative anticoagulants were not associated with a patent false lumen (p = 0.48) in univariable analysis. In multivariable analysis, both hemiarch replacement (OR 0.15, CI95% 0.05–0.49, p = 0.001) and the use of betablockers had a protective effect (OR 0.29, CI95% 0.10–0.85, p = 0.023). The Kaplan–Meier estimates for survival and the composite endpoint of survival and freedom from distal reintervention indicated no difference in outcome between patients in regard to anticoagulation treatment (survival p = 0.43, composite p = 0.82) or false lumen status (survival p = 0.21, composite p = 0.09). Conclusion: This study could not show negative effects from the postoperative use of anticoagulants on false lumen status, nor that false lumen patency was associated with poorer prognosis. A hemiarch procedure was shown to be associated with reduced risk of false lumen patency.

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer279
TidskriftJournal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Volym16
Nummer1
DOI
StatusPublished - 2021 dec. 1

Bibliografisk information

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© 2021, The Author(s).

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Kardiologi
  • Kirurgi

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