The Influence of Rare Genetic Variation in SLC30A8 on Diabetes Incidence and beta-Cell Function

Liana K. Billings, Kathleen A. Jablonski, Rachel J. Ackerman, Andrew Taylor, Rebecca R. Fanelli, Jarred B. McAteer, Candace Guiducci, Linda M. Delahanty, Dana Dabelea, Steven E. Kahn, Paul Franks, Robert L. Hanson, Nisa M. Maruthur, Alan R. Shuldiner, Elizabeth J. Mayer-Davis, William C. Knowler, Jose C. Florez

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

Sammanfattning

Context/Objective: The variant rs13266634 in SLC30A8, encoding a beta-cell-specific zinc transporter, is associated with type 2 diabetes. We aimed to identify other variants in SLC30A8 that increase diabetes risk and impair beta-cell function, and test whether zinc intake modifies this risk. Design/Outcome: We sequenced exons in SLC30A8 in 380 Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) participants and identified 44 novel variants, which were genotyped in 3445 DPP participants and tested for association with diabetes incidence and measures of insulin secretion and processing. We examined individual common variants and used gene burden tests to test 39 rare variants in aggregate. Results: We detected a near-nominal association between a rare-variant genotype risk score and diabetes risk. Five common variants were associated with the oral disposition index. Various methods aggregating rare variants demonstrated associations with changes in oral disposition index and insulinogenic index during year 1 of follow-up. We did not find a clear interaction of zinc intake with genotype on diabetes incidence. Conclusions: Individual common and an aggregate of rare genetic variation in SLC30A8 are associated with measures of beta-cell function in the DPP. Exploring rare variation may complement ongoing efforts to uncover the genetic influences that underlie complex diseases.
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)E926-E930
TidskriftJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volym99
Nummer5
DOI
StatusPublished - 2014

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Endokrinologi och diabetes

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