The Phosphoproteome of the Rd1 Mouse Retina, a Model of Inherited Photoreceptor Degeneration, Changes after Protein Kinase G Inhibition

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Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a frequent cause of blindness among the working population in industrial countries due to the inheritable death of photoreceptors. Though gene therapy was recently approved for mutations in the RPE65 gene, there is in general no effective treatment presently. Previously, abnormally high levels of cGMP and overactivation of its dependent protein kinase (PKG) have been suggested as causative for the fatal effects on photoreceptors, making it meaningful to explore the cGMP-PKG downstream signaling for more pathological insights and novel therapeutic target development purposes. Here, we manipulated the cGMP-PKG system in degenerating retinas from the rd1 mouse model pharmacologically via adding a PKG inhibitory cGMP-analogue to organotypic retinal explant cultures. A combination of phosphorylated peptide enrichment and mass spectrometry was then applied to study the cGMP-PKG-dependent phosphoproteome. We identified a host of novel potential cGMP-PKG downstream substrates and related kinases using this approach and selected the RAF1 protein, which may act as both a substrate and a kinase, for further validation. This showed that the RAS/RAF1/MAPK/ERK pathway may be involved in retinal degeneration in a yet unclarified mechanism, thus deserving further investigation in the future.

TidskriftInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
StatusPublished - 2023 juni

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Oftalmologi

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