Ticagrelor Treatment is Associated With Increased Coronary Flow Reserve in Survivors of Myocardial Infarction

Kristina Torngren, Rebecca Rylance, Li Ming Gan, Elmir Omerovic, Sara Svedlund, David Erlinge

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

Sammanfattning

Background: The pleiotropic action of ticagrelor, with effects in addition to platelet inhibition, has been shown to improve endothelial function in patients with coronary artery disease. These positive effects are possibly adenosine mediated. This study investigated the association of ticagrelor therapy and coronary artery flow reserve in survivors of myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: This was an exploratory, cross-sectional, open substudy of PROFLOW. High-risk individuals with a history of MI were identified. Coronary flow reserve (CFR) was measured non-invasively in the left anterior descending artery using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography. Coronary flow velocity was measured at rest and at maximal flow after induction of hyperaemia by intravenous infusion of adenosine at 140 μg/kg/min. Patients receiving ticagrelor (n=75) were compared with those not receiving ticagrelor (n=506), using simple and multiple linear regression models. Most patients in both groups were treated with aspirin (97% in the ticagrelor and 94% in the non-ticagrelor group). Adjustment for traditional risk factors was conducted. Results: The mean age at study inclusion was 68.5±6.8 years, and most patients were male (81.8%). The simple linear regression analysis showed ticagrelor treatment to be significantly associated with increased CFR: ticagrelor 2.95±0.76 (mean±SD), non-ticagrelor 2.70±0.77, (coefficient 0.25; 95% CI 0.063–0.438; p=0.009). This association was significant in two of the three multiple linear regression models with increasing numbers of variables: Model 1 (0.28; 0.06–0.50; p=0.014), Model 2 (0.26; 0.03–0.48; p=0.025), and borderline significant in Model 3 (0.21; –0.01 to 0.43; p=0.058). Conclusions: Ticagrelor treatment was associated with increased CFR in this high-risk population. Increased CFR may be a clinically important therapeutic effect of ticagrelor in addition to platelet inhibition.

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)702-708
Antal sidor7
TidskriftHeart Lung and Circulation
Volym32
Nummer6
DOI
StatusPublished - 2023 juni

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Kardiologi

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