Time-resolved and steady-state fluorescence studies of hydrophobically modified water-soluble polymers

J S de Melo, T Costa, Maria Miguel, Björn Lindman, Karin Schillén

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Sammanfattning

A comprehensive study of the photophysical behavior of poly(acrylic acids) randomly labeled with pyrene using steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy is presented. The influence of external factors, such as different solvents and pH in the aqueous solution, on the polymer photophysics has been investigated. These factors induce major changes in the polymer conformation, which are reflected in the fluorescence experiments. The random introduction of the hydrophobic pyrene groups along the macromolecule favors the coexistence of static (preformed dimers) and dynamic (excimers) monomer quenching phenomena together with a fraction of isolated monomers (not able to form excimer), as revealed by time-resolved and steady-state fluorescence data. In dioxane and methanol solvents, the global analysis of the fluorescence time profiles shows a rise time of similar to21-32 ns followed by a decay of similar to90-138 ns with an additional long
r decay component with a low preexponential factor. This is consistent with the fact that in organic solvents such as methanol and dioxane, which are considered to be good solvents, the fraction of preassociated and isolated chromophores is highly reduced and excimer formation is essentially due to a dynamic mechanism. A kinetic scheme involving two types of monomers (M-A and M-B) and one excimer (E) is proposed. From the fluorescence decays it was possible to extract quantitatively the percentage of ground-state preformed dimers along with the percentage of isolated chromophores at room temperature. In addition, it is shown that the fraction of associated ground-state chromophores that can be excited is always larger than that of the isolated chromophores. The rate constants for excimer formation (k(a)), dissociation (k(d)), and deactivation (k(E)) were determined considering the absence and presence of preformed dimers. Additional photophysical and spectroscopic data consisting of wavelength shifts, peak-
o-valley ratios and differences (obtained both from absorption and from excitation spectra collected at the monomer and excimer emission region), and the vibronic I-1/I-3 ratio in the pyrene monomer emission were found to be pH-dependent for the polymers in aqueous solution. Hence, by combining the results from steady-state fluorescence measurements with time-resolved fluorescence data, information is provided on how the chain conformation of the labeled PAA polymers changes depending on the solvent (water at different pH values or organic solvents). In water, the conformation changes from compact at low pH to an open polymer coil at high pH, whereas the polymers are in an extended state when in dioxane and methanol.
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)12605-12621
TidskriftThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Part B
Volym107
Utgåva46
DOI
StatusPublished - 2003

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