Traditional Farming Landscapes for Sustainable Living in Scandinavia and Japan: Global Revival Through the Satoyama Initiative

Björn Berglund, Junko Kitagawa, Per Lageras, Koji Nakamura, Naoko Sasaki, Yoshinori Yasuda

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

28 Citeringar (SciVal)

Sammanfattning

Traditional, pre-industrial farming was adapted to the natural environment-topography, geology, hydrology, climate, and biota. Traditional land use systems are still to be traced in Scandinavia as an "infield/outland landscape", and in Japan as a "Satoyama landscape." There are obvious similarities and differences in land use-the main difference being that pasturing of cattle and sheep has been less important in Japan. These land use systems can be traced back to early sedentary settlements 1500-2500 years ago. In both regions, traditional management almost ceased in the mid-twentieth century leading to afforestation and decreased biological diversity. Today, there is in Japan a growing movement for landscape restoration and promotion of a sustainable living countryside based on local agrarian and forestry production, local energy, tourism, etc. With this background, the so-called Satoyama Initiative has been organized and introduced as a global socio-ecological project with ecosystem services for human well-being.
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)559-578
TidskriftAmbio: a Journal of Human Environment
Volym43
Utgåva5
DOI
StatusPublished - 2014

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Geologi

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