Self-management is the main concept constituting the foundation of follow-up care after heart transplantation.
Self-efficacy is a foundation of self-management. Little is known about heart recipients’ experiences in relation to
self-efficacy and self-management after heart transplantation.
The overall aim of this thesis was to explore uncertainty and self-efficacy as important aspects of the lived experience
of heart recipients one year after heart transplantation.
Both an inductive and a deductive approach have been used in combination with qualitative research methods.
The study group consisted of 14 patients (I and II) who were due for their one year follow-up after heart
transplantation. Interviews were performed and analysed by phenomenological hermeneutics (inductive) developed
by Lindseth & Norberg and directed content analysis (deductive) developed by Hsieh & Shannon.
The meaning of uncertainty after heart transplantation involved: doubting survival, doubting the recovery process,
doubting one’s performance, struggling with close relationships, feeling abandoned and doubting the future. Uncertainty
emerges when the heart recipients are unable to ascribe meaning to illness-related events and might therefore be a
source of distress. Performance accomplishment, which comprises physical, social and mental aspects, was seen as
the main factor affecting self-efficacy after heart transplantation. Lack of performance accomplishment led to
disappointment and therefore our hypothesis was that self-efficacy after heart transplantation concerns balancing
expectations in accordance with realistic accomplishments.
Complications, setbacks and symptoms together with expectations are sources of uncertainty. Performance
accomplishment enables expectations to be met and might therefore constitute a source of uncertainty when
accomplishments are not achieved. Uncertainty can undermine performance and might thereby hamper selfefficacy
|Bidragets översatta titel ||Ovisshet efter hjärttransplantation: ett nytt perspektiv på self-management och self-efficacy|
- Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper
- Forsberg, Anna, handledare
- Lennerling, Annette , handledare, Extern person
|Tilldelningsdatum||2018 mars 2|
|Status||Published - 2018|
Place: Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, H01
Name: Almerud, Sofia
Affiliation: Linnéuniversitetet i Växjö
- Medicin och hälsovetenskap
- Uncertainty in illness
- Heart Transplantation