Metal halide perovskites show great promise for a wide range of optoelectronic applications but are plagued by instability when exposed to air and light. This work presents low-temperature solution growth of vertically aligned CsPbBr3 nanowire arrays in AAO (anodized aluminum oxide) templates with excellent stability, with samples exposed to air for 4 months still exhibiting comparable photoluminescence and UV stability to fresh samples. The single-crystal nanowire length is adjusted from ∼100 nm to 5 μm by adjusting the precursor solution amount and concentration, and we observe length-to-diameter ratios as high as 100. Structural characterization results indicate that large-diameter CsPbBr3 nanowires have an orthorhombic structure, while the 10 nm- and 20 nm-diameter nanowires adopt a cubic structure. Photoluminescence shows a gradual blue-shift in emission with decreasing nanowire diameter and marginal changes under varying illumination power intensity. The CsPbBr3-nanowires/AAO composite exhibits excellent resistance to X-ray radiation and long-term air storage, which makes it promising for future optoelectronic applications such as X-ray scintillators. These results show how physical confinement in AAO can be used to realize CsPbBr3 nanowire arrays and control their morphology and crystal structure.
- Den kondenserade materiens fysik