Well-being and dietary adherence in patients with coeliac disease depending on follow-up

Jesper Lexner, Henrik Hjortswang, Rickard Ekesbo, Klas Sjöberg

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

1 Citering (SciVal)

Sammanfattning

Objective: It is not clear how follow-up of coeliac disease should be optimally organised. In Malmö, Sweden, patients are followed up by general practitioners (GP), but in Linköping by gastroenterologists (GE). The aim of this study was to investigate if there were any differences in well-being and dietary adherence depending on type of follow-up. Methods: All adult patients with newly diagnosed biopsy-verified coeliac disease in the cities between 2010 and 2014 were offered to participate. Data was retrieved comprising demography, laboratory analyses, questionnaires (Gastrointestinal Symptoms Rating Scale, Short Health Scale, Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory, Psychological General Well-being Index and Short Form 36) and follow-up. Results: In the GP cohort 39/73 patients and in the GE cohort 58/121 agreed to participate (mean age 43 and 44 years, 69 and 60% women, respectively). A follow-up to a dietician was carried out in 31% and 93% of patients, respectively (p <.001). In the GP group 28% had eaten gluten-containing food during the last 4 weeks compared to 9% in the GE group (p =.01). Despite this, no differences could be seen in vitamin or mineral levels. The questionnaires did not indicate any major discrepancies in subjective health. Conclusion: Irrespective of the design of the follow-up physical and mental well-being were comparable. Dietary adherence was not quite as good in the GP group but follow-up in a primary care setting can still be a suitable and equivalent alternative. However, it is crucial that the dietary counselling is structured in a way that ensures dietary adherence.

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)382-390
TidskriftScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volym56
Utgåva4
Tidigt onlinedatum2021 feb. 23
DOI
StatusPublished - 2021

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Gastroenterologi

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