X-ray Phase Contrast Tomography: Setup and Scintillator Development

Hanna Dierks

Forskningsoutput: AvhandlingDoktorsavhandling (sammanläggning)

400 Nedladdningar (Pure)


X-ray microscopy and micro-tomography (μCT) are valuable non-destructive examination methods in many disciplines such as bio-medical research, archaeometry, material science and paleontology. Besides being implemented at synchrotrons radiation sources, laboratory setups using an X-ray tube and high-resolution scintillation detector routinely provide information on the micrometre scale. To improve the image contrast for small and low-density samples, it is possible to introduce a propagation distance between sample and detector to perform propagation-based phase contrast imaging (PB-PCI). This contrast mode relies on a sufficiently coherent illumination and is characterised by the appearance of an additional intensity modulations (‘edge enhancement fringes’) around interfaces in the image. The strength of this effect depends on hardware as well as geometry parameters.

This thesis describes the development of a laboratory setup for X-ray μCT with a PB-PCI option. It contains the theoretical and technical background of the setup design as well the characterization of the achieved performance.
Moreover, the optimization of the PB-PCI geometry was explored both theoretically as well as experimentally for three different setups. A simple rule for finding the optimal magnification to achieve high phase contrast for edge features was deduced. The effect of the polychromatic source spectrum und detector sensitivity was identified and included into the theoretical model.

Besides application and methodological studies, the setup was used to test and characterise new X-ray scintillator materials. Recently, metal halide perovskite nanocrystals (MHP NCs) have gained attention due to their outstanding opto-electronic performance. The main challenge for their use and commercialization is their low long-term stability against humidity, temperature, and light exposure. Here, a CsPbBr3 scintillator comprised of an ordered array of nanowires (NW) in an anodized aluminium oxide (AAO) membrane is presented as a promising new scintillator for X-ray microscopy and μCT. It shows a high light yield under X-ray exposure which improves with smaller NW diameter and higher NW length. In contrast to many other MHP materials this scintillator shows good stability under continuous X-ray exposure and changing environmental conditions over extended time spans of several weeks. This makes it suitable for tomography, which is demonstrated by acquiring the first high-resolution tomogram using a MHP scintillator with the presented laboratory setup.
  • Wallentin, Jesper, handledare
  • Villanueva Perez, Pablo, Biträdande handledare
  • Bech, Martin, Biträdande handledare
  • Gustafson, Johan, Biträdande handledare
Tilldelningsdatum2023 maj 5
ISBN (tryckt)978-91-8039-590-8
ISBN (elektroniskt)978-91-8039-591-5
StatusPublished - 2023

Bibliografisk information

Defence details
Date: 2023-05-05
Time: 09:15
Place: Rydbergsalen, fysiska institutionen, Lunds universitet. Join via zoom: https://lu-se.zoom.us/j/64770197613?pwd=NW1vZW1KVGw2TGZreUs3eDJRUXJRdz09 passcode: 868428
External reviewer(s)
Name: Olivo, Alessandro
Title: Professor
Affiliation: University College London.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Atom- och molekylfysik och optik


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